Over 1,500 Nannies Gather in Local Communities For Training That Promotes Quality Care
Nannypalooza celebrates National Nanny Training Day (April 16th, 2016) to recognize the needs of young children and to raise awareness of the positive correlation between nanny training and quality care. This national initiative is part of Week of the Young Child, an annual celebration sponsored by the National Association for the Education of Young Children.
On Saturday, April 16th over 1,500 nannies in 32 cities will gather in their local communities at training events designed to meet their unique needs.
While professional development is required is other childcare settings, the informal nature of nanny care often leads parents and caregivers to believe that ongoing training isn’t necessary for nannies. However early childhood researchers such as Dr. Laura Berk, retired Professor at Illinois State University Psychology Department, tell us a different story. Her research shows that child care providers become skilled professionals when hands-on childcare experience is combined with training and education.
Sue Downey, owner of Nannypalooza.com, says, “Many nannies are drawn to this work because they have natural skills. But when you combine those natural instincts with a solid knowledge of child development you will directly increase the quality of care for children. And top notch care is what every child needs and deserves.”
Events are offering training on such topics as positive discipline, nutrition, car seat safety and more. For more information to find an event near you, nannies should visit www.nannypalooza.com.
National Nanny Training Day is a national initiative coordinated by Nannypalooza.com, a site dedicated to nanny professional development. It is the home of the Nannypalooza conference, a 2 day training event for nannies held in the Fall. For more information please visit www.nannypalooza.comPosted in Nanny Training | Leave a comment June 8, 2015
eNannySource.com is pleased to announce their newly-formed partnership with YES Prep Public Schools. YES Prep will be offering eNannySource’s online child care service as a new, free benefit for all of their employees to help each of them balance their career and family life.
“We are proud to partner with YES Prep,” said Travis King, eNannySource.com’s director of strategic partnerships. “Teachers and staff who work so hard at helping kids from underserved areas have the opportunities they deserve to graduate high school and go on to earn a college degree deserve every bit of help and support we can give them.”
YES Prep is an open-enrollment public charter school system that’s been educating students from low-income and disadvantaged areas throughout Houston since 1998. They’re currently educating 9,000 students at their 13 Houston schools and will be opening two new schools in Houston this fall. In many of the communities they serve, only half of all students graduate high school, and less than 10% are expected to graduate from college. The goal of YES Prep goes beyond every one of their students graduating from high school; it extends to each one of them earning a four-year college degree. They even continue to support their alumni throughout their college careers.
“YES Prep has been tremendously successful in transforming the lives of thousands of students right here in Houston,” said Eric Mullins, the chief operating officer at eNannySource.com. “Since YES Prep is a nonprofit organization, we are providing our service at zero cost to their organization.”
eNannySource.com began connecting families with in-home child care providers in 1994. Since their beginning, eNannySource has helped more than 500,000 families find the care they need, whether they’re seeking live-in/live-out nannies, night nannies, nanny/housekeepers, babysitters, newborn specialists, or corporate backup care. eNannySource recently began partnering with companies across the country to offer their online child care service as an employee benefit. The focus of the benefit is on backup care, so employees no longer need to miss work for any child care related issue. However, a partnership with eNannySource grants each employee full, unlimited access to their service.
If you’re a nonprofit organization or know of one that you think will benefit from our service, email Travis at firstname.lastname@example.org and talk to him about partnering with eNannySource.com to offer corporate backup care to your employees and volunteers at no charge to your organization.Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment May 13, 2015
Announcing eNannySource.com’s new partnership with KIPP Houston Public Schools, KIPP San Antonio, and KIPP Dallas-Fort Worth to provide corporate care to all of their employees at no charge to the KIPP Foundation.
Focusing on educating students from low-income, underserved communities, the KIPP Foundation is a nonprofit organization that has built a network of elementary, middle, and high schools offering free, open-enrollment to students across the nation. KIPP faculty and staff are unified by the goal of equipping their students with the knowledge and skills they need to make it all the way through college and beyond.
“KIPP teachers and staff devote so much of themselves to helping and educating kids from our community here in Houston and across the country. I’m proud to partner with KIPP Houston, San Antonio, and DFW to do all we can to help them balance their demanding careers and their family lives,” said Travis King, the director of strategic partnerships at eNannySource.com.
eNannySource.com is an online child care service that, since 1994, has helped more than 500,000 families nationwide find the caregivers they need, including nannies, babysitters, newborn specialists, backup care, and more.
eNannySource.com recently began partnering with businesses nationwide to offer backup care as a new employee benefit to help businesses give the work-life balance support their employees need. When offered as a benefit, employers see a significant decrease in absenteeism for childcare related issues — such as a child being too sick to go to school or daycare — and are better able to maintain company-wide productivity. Employees are able to find, contact, run background checks, and hire caregivers for their children, allowing employees to go to work knowing their children are in good hands.
“Nonprofit organizations like KIPP work to improve their communities. We at eNannySource.com want to help nonprofits by offering our services to their organizations free of charge,” said Eric Mullins, chief operating officer at eNannySource.com.
If you are a nonprofit organization or know of one that you think will benefit from our service, email Travis at email@example.com and talk to him about partnering with eNannySource.com to offer corporate care to your employees and volunteers at no charge to your organization.July 30, 2014
Pets can be a wonderful addition to a family if everyone in the family is ready to take on the responsibility of caring for one. Before buying your family’s first pet, read through these 100 blogs for things you should take into consideration and tips for successfully bringing a pet into the home.
Kids may say they want a pet, but they don’t have a grasp on how difficult it is to actually care for one. Consider how much your child can really help with the pet before adding one to the family. These 10 sites go through things you should consider prior to getting a pet for your child.
Type of Pet
There are hundreds of different kinds of pets that are readily available for the public to purchase. Different animals are better suited for some people and households than others. These 10 posts will help you narrow down which type of pet is right for you.
Having an allergy doesn’t automatically disqualify you from pet ownership. With the help of these 10 blogs, you can live happily and healthily with a pet in your home, regardless of allergies.
Pet Care Needs
Before buying a pet, consider what the type of animal you’re purchasing will need in terms of pet care. Not sure where to start? Read through these 10 posts for helpful tips.
Costs Associated with Pets
Pets can be very expensive, so you need to price out what you’re willing to spend up front and over the lifespan of your pet before purchasing one. Use these 10 sites to help you assess probable costs.
Who Will Care for Pets
While kids may promise to the moon and back that they’ll care for a pet, this rarely ends up happening. To ensure that everyone is invested in the pet’s care, come up with different pet-related chores for each family member. These 10 posts will help you get started.
When shopping for pets, it’s important to consider the home environment you can provide. These 10 articles will give you an idea of what kind of pet may match your home and lifestyle.
Different pets require different supplies, so you’ll want to gather up a list of things you need before you purchase your pet. For ideas on what you may need, browse through these 10 posts.
Where to Get the Pet
It’s far easier to find reputable breeders these days than it was in the past, thanks largely to the Internet. If the local pet store isn’t meeting your pet needs, check out one of these 10 websites instead.
While not always necessary, training is often an important component of bringing a pet into a home. These 10 sites look at some of the training you can provide for different pets.
Bottom line: pets can be a wonderful addition to the family if everyone in the home is ready to have one.Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment July 28, 2014
Just because you have a bun in the oven doesn’t mean your daily walks or exercise routine have to cease to exist. In fact, exercise during pregnancy can be beneficial to both you and your baby. There are necessary precautions you’ll need to take, especially as your body continues to grow, but before you cut back on keeping your body fit, consider the benefits of a healthy exercise routine.
Low impact exercise carries little risk of injury for pregnant women, says Dr. Gia Fruscione, doctor of physical therapy and founder of DLVR Maternity. “Low impact exercises benefits your entire body and can be continued until birth,” she says. “Low impact exercise, such as walking, is especially beneficial if you are having joint problems.”
According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, pregnant women should participate in 30 minutes of moderate activity most days of the week during pregnancy as long as there are no medical complications.
Exercising during pregnancy can help keep you at an optimal weight, says Fruscione. “Gaining too many pounds puts you at risk for a tougher delivery and gestational diabetes,” she says. “But, gaining too little can affect your baby’s growth.”
For women at a healthy pre-pregnancy weight, the target weight gain is usually 25 to 35 pounds, says Fruscione.
Walk to Wellness
Walking is an excellent form of non-impact exercise, especially for women who have not previously exercised prior to pregnancy, says Birgitta Lauren, pre and postnatal fitness and nutrition specialist and founder of Expecting Fitness, a resource for expectant moms.
“Walking or exercise in general makes your body and all organs more efficient at doing everything, including getting pregnant, staying pregnant and making a healthier baby,” says Lauren. “Exercise improves circulation and therefore blood and oxygen and nutrient flow to the baby, making the baby healthier than if mom didn’t exercise.”
Not only does walking help decrease weight gain by burning calories and keeping the heart healthy, but the act of exercise and moving your body produces proteins that create metabolites, which decrease risks for all diseases, including gestational issues or diabetes, hypertension, preeclampsia and premature delivery, says Lauren.
Debunking the Myths
Many pregnant women fear that exercise or too much walking can cause preterm labor, but according to Lauren, this is just a myth. “It actually prevents preterm labor,” she says. “A healthier mom has a healthier pregnancy and a healthier baby.”
Too much walking, though, can lead to uterine contractions if you have a pre-existing medical condition, says Fruscione. She advises checking with your physician before engaging in exercise if you have an existing medical condition before or during pregnancy. “If this is the case, too much exercise can lead to other complications such as bleeding, dizziness, chest pain, muscle weakness, calf pain and decreased fetal movement,” says Fruscione. “Call your health care provider if you have any of these symptoms.”
Another myth that exists is that walking during pregnancy makes you dilate more. Consistent exercise during pregnancy can help tone and prepare your muscles for labor and makes for an easier birthing process, says Fruscione.
In general, if you are engaging in walking or low-impact exercise, your entire pregnancy process will be much smoother, says Lauren. “Exercise improves the likeliness of ‘on-time’ dilation and a more efficient dilation,” she says.
When in doubt, always consult your physician, but know that the more you move your body, the healthier it may be for your baby. According to a study by Dr. James F. Clapp III at the Cleveland Health Center, exercise during pregnancy produces children that are healthier physically and mentally. As babies, they learn to do everything faster – from speaking to walking – than children from moms who exercised less or not at all, says Clapp. The study also concluded that these babies are happier and better behaved.Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment July 23, 2014
You don’t have to launch a spring cleaning routine, though, to keep those toys free from germs and ensure your little one stays healthy. Simple tips to spruce up those treasured toys can keep your little one happy, safe and physically well.
Know the Risks
The risks of unclean toys are obvious. Germs are passed from that favorite teddy to the treasured toy train when children are simultaneously playing, sneezing, coughing and mouthing toys.
Stuffed toys can pose an even greater risk, as they often pass on bed bugs and lice. It’s no secret that your child can catch a cold or an illness when sharing toys with others.
According to Leslie Reichert, cleaning coach and author of The Joy of Green Cleaning, the Board of Health recommends a diluted combination of bleach and water to clean toys. However, if you use bleach, you must let the bleach sit on the toy for 20 minutes and then rinse the toy. “You don’t want your children ingesting the bleach,” she says.
Many parents and nannies, though, favor a more natural route when sprucing up those stuffed toys and playground slides. “I prefer using rubbing alcohol and also hydrogen peroxide,” says Reichert. “Both need to be rinsed, but don’t need to sit on the toy for 20 minutes.”
Getting Down and Dirty
Each toy, though, may require a different cleaning method. Reichert recommends the following approach when freeing your child’s toys from germs and dirt.
Cloth Dolls: Fabric toys are difficult to clean, but should you want to try washing it, Reichert recommends a gentle laundry soap made from soap flaxes, baking soda and a touch of borax. “Place the doll in a lingerie bag and wash on a very gentle setting,” she says. Allow the cloth doll to air dry. You can also just spot wash the dirty areas with the same type of soap mixture, but make sure you dilute it and wipe it off with a microfiber cloth.
If you just want to kill the dust mites, Reichert recommends placing the dry doll in the dryer inside a pillowcase. “Just let it toss for a couple minutes and it will come out dust mite free,” she says.
Plastic Toys: To clean the inside of plastic toys, Reichert recommends using a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and rubbing alcohol. Put the mixture inside the toy and swish it around. The alcohol and peroxide will take care of the germs, she says.
You can also put some plastic toys in the dishwasher. “You have to be careful they won’t melt or have the paint washed off, but the hot water will sanitize the toys,” says Reichert.
Stuffed Animals: The key safety concern with stuffed animals is dust mites. To free the toy from germs and dust, Reichert recommends finding a washing machine safe or lingerie bag to run the stuffed animal through a drying cycle. “Find a fabric bag big enough for the stuffed animals, take off anything that could melt with the heat and place them in the dryer for 10 minutes,” says Reichert. “The heat from the dryer will kill all the dust mites.”
Large Teddy Bears or Stuffed Animals: You can spot wash your stuffed animals with simple soap and water. If something is really stained or ground in, use pure bar soap and a fingernail brush, recommends Reichert. Wet the brush and rub it on the bar of soap. Create a nice lather and scrub the stuffed animal. Wipe the area with a wet cloth until all the soap has been rinsed off. Let it air dry and then fluff with a dry towel or hair brush.
Rusty Toys: It’s clearly a safety hazard to have your little one play with old or outdoor toys that have developed rust. If your child just cannot let go of this treasured toy, Reichert recommends soaking the rusted toy in Coke. “Let it sit overnight and the rust will be gone,” she says.Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment July 21, 2014
When the sun sets and summer comes to a close, the last thing your children probably want to think about is the shift from carefree days to the structured schedule of a classroom. However, as a parent or nanny, you can turn the initial gloom to feelings of excitement with transitional activities that will help kids see the value and fun in returning to school in the fall.
Maintain a Schedule
Although summer tends to be full of leisure activities, it is recommended that parents and nannies don’t throw out the schedule completely, says Sherianna Boyle, author of Powered by Me for Educators PreK-12.
“Consistency continues to be important, so try your best to select a summer bed time and stick to it,” says Boyle. “The consistency will help you later in the fall.”
Summer is also a great time to strengthen your child’s brain through play. “Building, playing, swimming, and sports support the development of both hemispheres of the brain,” says Boyle. “Try not to view playing as not doing anything. If children are using their imagination, their brains are growing and strengthening.”
You can also keep education alive by planning activities throughout the summer that promote learning on a consistent basis. “Laying on the grass, looking at the shapes of the clouds in the sky is a way children get to know the world around them,” says Boyle. “For older kids, consider art, cooking and music as a way to engage their creative, imaginative side.”
If your children are held responsible for rules and chores throughout the summer, the transition back to school may be a little easier, says Boyle. “Summer is a great time to teach chores, such as folding the laundry, sweeping and wiping the table,” she says.
Administer strict rules on electronics, too, so your children do not fall into a digital slump during the summer months. Use caution with electronics and set the ground rules ahead of time, recommends Boyle. “Sit down with your child and come up with what is reasonable for screen time,” she says. “Typically no more than 90 minutes a day is reasonable and electronics should not be permitted until all chores are complete.”
To provide a balance of responsibility and fun, try to engage your child by combining both. Meal times are a natural way to do this, says Boyle. “Summer gives us time to talk about experiences, thoughts, questions and dreams,” she says. “The ability to engage in a one on one or group conversation is a skill they can use later when they transition into school.”
Prepare for School
In addition to shopping for school supplies and picking out clothes for the first day of school, you can help your child transition by attending an open house or tour of the school. Visit the classroom, walk around the building, get to know other children that may be in the same class and meet the teacher, says Boyle. You can do this at any point in the summer. “Most schools are open a couple of weeks before school,” says Boyle. “For children who are truly anxious, sit with them, have them close their eyes and while breathing deeply in their belly, ask them to visualize their transition going well.
Even though your child may imagine himself feeling uncomfortable and nervous on the first day, the more he breathes deeply into his belly, the more the nerves begin to calm and he begins to see the possibility in the year to come, says Boyle.
As a nanny or parent, it’s important for you to let the child know that you will always be there for support. “Listen to their concerns, worries or fears without needing to respond,” suggests Boyle. Phrases such as “You sound worried; I know you will get through this” may help a nervous child adjust to the idea of returning to school.
You can also prepare for the transition by asking your child to write down his worries and then reflect back on what he wrote down later in the year. “Most likely, few of the worries came true,” says Boyle. “This exercise can be very powerful for children of all ages.”
Lastly, make sure that you pay close attention to your own fears and worries, but keep them to yourself to avoid making your child even more nervous. “Close your eyes and be present, as parents and nannies often take on their childrens’ fears,” says Boyle. “Feeling your emotions will give you energy for being present to your child and put you in a position of support and guidance.”Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment July 16, 2014
A spat or two is bound to happen when your children are socializing with others, but if you notice that your child is struggling with boundaries and appropriate behavior on a consistent basis, it may be time to work on how to play nicely with others.
“Being able to keep good boundaries with peers is essential for developing healthy self-esteem and friendships,” says Raquel Ferns Lefebvre, Vermont-based licensed psychologist. “Unfortunately, how to do this is not often taught in school, but you can help your child to learn how to keep appropriate physical and social boundaries.”
With a few creative strategies, discussions and activities, your child will quickly learn an important step in his overall development.
The Value of Distance
When teaching children about physical boundaries, Lefebvre often uses certain activities and exercises with her young clients. “I stand at one end of my office and have them stand at the other end,” she says. “I then ask them to keep taking a step forward toward me until they feel that they have hit their ‘personal space zone.’ I let them know that their personal space zone is the amount of space between them and their peers that they feel comfortable with.”
Lefebvre further explains to each child that when you cross that zone, you often feel physically uneasy. “I ask them to pay attention to where they feel this uneasiness in their body and tune into that as a sign that they might be crossing their boundary and need to take a step back,” she says.
According to LeFebvre, once the initial exercise is over, she puts herself in the place of the child and steps forward until she has reached her personal space zone. “This helps the child to see that we all have different boundaries and we need to be aware that our boundaries might be different from someone else’s,” she says.
It also helps to role play with your child and offer suggestions on what to say when your child feels that someone is crossing his or her personal zone.
The Importance of Rules
Boundaries and rules go hand in hand when it comes to play. After teaching your child about physical boundaries, it’s important to discuss how rules play a part in crossing the line socially.
Lefebvre suggests asking your child to play an active role in establishing rules. “I have found that children are more likely to follow the rules if they have a part in making them,” she says. “I encourage my clients to have a family meeting where they decide on a family mission statement together and then establish which rules they would need to meet their goal.”
According to Nancy Buck, founder of Peaceful Parenting, parents and nannies need to help their children establish the rules and boundaries for how to get along with one another, too.
“If two children are fighting over the same toy, for instance, then the adult needs to figure out ways to help the children solve this problem,” says Buck. “If the adult solves the problem for the children, they will be doing this for the rest of their lives. Instead, the adult can help the children learn to create rules together.”
For instance, if both children want to play with a toy, they can choose to play with the toy together, take turns by setting a timer or find another toy of equal value.
“The adults can begin by establishing rules and boundaries, but when difficulties arise, essentially when two or more children are trying to meet their need for power by getting their own way at the expense of other children successfully meeting their needs, they all need help in working it out and negotiating the boundaries, creating a balance between safety and freedom where all win,” says Buck.
Practicing boundaries and adherence to rules at home sets the foundation for how your child will act and react in social settings with peers. As a nanny or parent, the more you reinforce the need for boundaries, the more likely your child will begin to exhibit stronger social skills with others.Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment July 14, 2014
Those bedtime stalls with pleas for water, cuddling or just one more book can be frustrating as a parent or nanny, but they can also be a sign that your child is having nightmares and is fearful of falling asleep. Nightmares can be frightful for your little one and cause resistance at bedtime.
“When your child has a nightmare, he or she is trying to process something they perceived as negative the previous day,” says Lauri Loewenberg, dream expert and author of Dream on It: Unlock Your Dreams, Change Your Life.
Unlock the root of the problem by learning how to soothe your child to sleep and fully understand the nightmares he or she is experiencing.
The Dreaming Process
Although it would be ideal for a child to dream only of sugar plums and fairy tales, the reality is that many children face their greatest fears when they close their eyes at night. “Dreaming is a thinking process,” says Loewenberg. “It is a continuation of the thoughts that went through your mind during the day and once you go to sleep and enter the REM (the dream state), your thinking shifts from the literal conscious mind to the symbolic subconscious mind.”
If something troubles your child at night, you can bet you’ll find the culprit by examining your child’s previous day. Did she experience a disappointment, punishment or confrontation with another child? Talking through your child’s problems prior to bed can help put his or her mind at ease before falling into sweet slumber.
If you find that your child’s nightmares sound familiar, don’t be surprised. Many children experience some of the same fearful dreams as a natural part of child development. Some of the most common dreams include:
Putting a Stop to Nightmares
The most effective way to get the ghosts and goblins in your child’s dream to scram is to re-write the end of the nightmare, suggests Loewenberg. “Our dreams are a creation of our own mind, therefore we can recreate the dream or nightmare to our liking – even children can do this,” she says. “It’s all about taking control of a situation that made you feel powerless.
If your child is struggling with nightmares, ask him or her to draw what was scary in the dream. Then, have the child re-write the ending to how they would like it to end or redraw the scary monster into something silly and benign. “Let your child come up with the changes,” says Loewenberg. “This is not only a fun and creative activity for the child, but it desensitizes him to the fear and gives him a chance to feel powerful.”Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment July 9, 2014
Your school-aged children spend all year long cooped up in a classroom, so once summer arrives, it’s likely they are looking for adventure. There are many creative activities that will help keep them both entertained and educated during the summer break.
The key to a successful summer is F-U-N. Your children look forward to fun in the sun and days when they can relax and engage in activities that will help enhance sibling bonding, friendships and learning. The best thing parents and nannies can do is focus on fun during the summertime, says Charlotte Reznick, UCLA professor and child educational psychologist. “The summer is an opportunity for parents to bond with their kids – and for kids to enjoy a true vacation,” she says.
Keep your child entertained and engaged with these fun summer activities:
Your home is the perfect environment to allow the kids to explore the great outdoors. Whether your back yard is three acres or a small patch of grass, kids will enjoy the fresh air and the opportunity to get out of the house.
“Summer is the perfect time to be outside,” says Reznick. Create a backyard oasis with a small kiddie pool so the little ones can splash around, break out the hose and a sprinkler and let them run and jump through hoops of water and create a beach in your own yard with sand and tools for digging and building sandcastles.
As with any outdoor activity, make sure you lather up the kids with sunscreen to protect them from burns and put swim diapers and arm floaties on the little ones.
If your hometown has a beach nearby, pack up the swim gear and plan a day at the beach building sandcastles and basking in the sun. Even a small beach by a local pond, lake or river offers opportunities for fishing, sea shell collecting and playing water games with the entire family.
Many local water parks also offer affordable summer memberships and half-price hours for families. You can plan water play time around nap times and give your little ones something to look forward to during the afternoon hours.
Take advantage of where you live by diving into cultural events with the children in your care. Many cities host a local or county fair that features food, entertainment and art from nearby artists. Many cities also host free concerts in the park and kid-friendly activities at museums and libraries, says Reznick.
Check out your city or county’s website, as well as the Chamber of Commerce’s event listings and put these exciting events on the calendar for the summer.
You don’t have to spend every day venturing to a new entertainment venue to engage your kids this summer. Make everyday activities fun, suggests Reznick. “As a parent, you no doubt have a long list of chores, including repairs around the house and home-cooked meals,” she says. “Engage your kids in these everyday activities.”
If you need to organize the garage, make it a game. Ask little ones to find color-coded toys and sports equipment and make a pile. Older children can help you construct a shelf or toy bin to declutter areas in your home or garage. Let the children have a say in how new construction projects are decorated by engaging them in the art of painting or sealing furniture or outdoor fences.
Chores don’t have to produce groans and moans when you present them as a fun activity, says Reznick. Instead, show children how they can get involved and let them feel a sense of accomplishment when the activity or project is complete.
If your children are not attending a local camp, create one at home – complete with outdoor and indoor activities and tasks that are educational.
Begin by asking your children to create a theme for each week of “home camp.” From science and math camp to weather and music camp, your children can detail what they want to learn and the entire family can create activities based on the week’s theme.
During music camp, you can help the children create homemade instruments, musical crafts and host a talent show. Weather camp can culminate with a campout in the backyard under the stars.
Although fun is bound to happen no matter what you do, it is also important for parents and nannies to be spontaneous during the summer months. “Do something you wouldn’t normally do,” says Reznick.Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment ← Older posts Newer posts →